新手写的 writeup

0.前言

CTF(Capture The Flag,夺旗赛)起源于 1996 年 DEFCON 全球黑客大会,是网络安全爱好者之间的竞技游戏。

CTF 竞赛涉及众多领域,内容繁杂。目前,安全技术发展地越来越快,CTF 题目的难度越来越高,初学者需要面对的门槛因此也越来越高。而网上资料大都零散琐碎,初学者往往并不知道该如何系统性地学习 CTF 相关领域知识,常需要花费大量时间,苦不堪言。

以上引用的内容来自 https://ctf-wiki.github.io/ctf-wiki/,更多相关内容请自行查看。

题目都来自这里:http://hackinglab.cn/ShowQues.php?type=bases

1.签到题

key在哪里?

过关地址

查看网页源代码

2.ROT13加密

再加密一次你就得到 key 啦~

加密之后的数据为:xrlvf23xfqwsxsqf

ROT13加密,去这个网址解码:http://www.mxcz.net/tools/rot13.aspx

3.base64 加密

猜猜这是经过了多少次加密?

加密后的字符串为:

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

base64编码,需要多次解码,一共是20次。

http://www.mxcz.net/tools/base64.aspx

答案就是解密出来的字符串,不要像我一样傻乎乎地填20.

4.MD5加密

过关地址

据说MD5加密很安全,真的是么?

e0960851294d7b2253978ba858e24633

去这里解码:http://www.cmd5.com/

5.请求头

小明同学今天访问了一个网站,竟然不允许中国人访问!太坑了,于是小明同学决心一定要进去一探究竟。

通关地址

headers,是关键。需要修改 Accept-Language,改成英文的。

Accept-Language:en-US,en;q=0.8

可以使用 fiddler、Burp Suite,或者运行代码。下面的是python 代码,需要 python 环境,自行安装。

import urllib,urllib.request
headers = {
        "Accept-Language": "en-US,en;q=0.9",
        'User-Agent': "HAHA"
    }

def getpage(path):  # 抓取网页源代码
    # data = urllib.request.urlopen(path).read().decode("gbk", "ignore")  # 中文网页
    # return data
    request = urllib.request.Request(url=path, headers=headers)  # 冒充其他浏览器
    response = urllib.request.urlopen(request)  # 会话,打开网页
    data = response.read().decode("utf-8", "ignore")  # 读取网页并且编码
    return data

print(getpage('http://lab1.xseclab.com/base6_6082c908819e105c378eb93b6631c4d3/index.php'))# 网址自行更换

6.请求头_2

据说信息安全小组最近出了一款新的浏览器,叫 HAHA 浏览器,有些题目必须通过 HAHA 浏览器才能答对。小明同学坚决不要装 HAHA 浏览器,怕有后门,但是如何才能过这个需要安装 HAHA 浏览器才能过的题目呢?

通关地址:

import urllib,urllib.request
headers = {
        "Accept-Language": "en-US,en;q=0.9",
        'User-Agent': "HAHA"
    }

def getpage(path):  # 抓取网页源代码
    # data = urllib.request.urlopen(path).read().decode("gbk", "ignore")  # 中文网页
    # return data
    request = urllib.request.Request(url=path, headers=headers)  # 冒充其他浏览器
    response = urllib.request.urlopen(request)  # 会话,打开网页
    data = response.read().decode("utf-8", "ignore")  # 读取网页并且编码
    return data

print(getpage('http://lab1.xseclab.com/base6_6082c908819e105c378eb93b6631c4d3/index.php'))# 网址自行更换

关键还是 headers,把 User-Agent 换成 HAHA 就好。

7.network

key究竟在哪里呢?

上一次小明同学轻松找到了key,感觉这么简单的题目多无聊,于是有了找key的加强版,那么key这次会藏在哪里呢?

通关地址:

key 在 response header 里面.直接 f12查找,fiddler 也可以。

8.network_2

key又找不到了

小明这次可真找不到key去哪里了,你能帮他找到key吗?

通关链接

点击文字后会进行跳转,用 fiddler 抓包可以看见有一个302,点击查看,可以找到一个 key_is_here_now_.php

成功找到链接,在浏览器进入链接查看就好。

9.请求头_3

冒充登陆用户

小明来到一个网站,还是想要key,但是却怎么逗登陆不了,你能帮他登陆吗?

通关地址

修改一下 cookie,它这里提示是0,改成1就好。

用 fiddler

在如图所示的地方加上两行代码。

oSession.oRequest.headers.Remove("Cookie");   //移除请求包的cookies
oSession.oRequest.headers.Add("Cookie", "Login=1;");  //新建cookies

保存,然后刷新页面。

10.比较数字大小

比较数字大小

只要比服务器上的数字大就可以了! 通关地址

maxlength 是关键,改成 5 就好。

如图:

11.签到题

本地的诱惑

小明扫描了他心爱的小红的电脑,发现开放了一个80端口,但是当小明去访问的时候却发现只允许从本地访问,可他心爱的小红不敢让这个诡异的小明触碰她的电脑,可小明真的想知道小红电脑的80端口到底隐藏着什么秘密(key)?

通关地址:

f12,查看网页源代码

12. robots.txt

小明设计了一个网站,因为总是遭受黑客攻击后台,所以这次他把后台放到了一个无论是什么人都找不到的地方….可最后还是被黑客找到了,并被放置了一个黑页,写到:find you ,no more than 3 secs! 通关地址

看一下 robots.txt

错误的链接:http://lab1.xseclab.com/base12_44f0d8a96eed21afdc4823a0bf1a316b/index.php/robots.txt

正确的链接:http://lab1.xseclab.com/base12_44f0d8a96eed21afdc4823a0bf1a316b/robots.txt

robots.txt 的内容:

User-agent: *
Disallow: /
Crawl-delay: 120
Disallow: /9fb97531fe95594603aff7e794ab2f5f/
Sitemap: http://www.hackinglab.sinaapp.com/sitemap.xml

http://lab1.xseclab.com/base12_44f0d8a96eed21afdc4823a0bf1a316b/9fb97531fe95594603aff7e794ab2f5f/

提示说不是 login page ,那就在后面加上 /login.php,成功找到链接,在浏览器进入链接查看就好。